“Little skip Fannie Allison Troutsmans writes that she actually is lonesome and want to hear from Comfort visitors,” the line starts. “She says this woman is the youngest of ten kids of whom four only are living, and adds that her earliest cousin, a conductor regarding the Southern Railroad, ended up being killed by a train at Spartanburg, S.C.”
The appeal to readers that are fellow at the opening for the July 1907 “Comfort Sisters’ Corner,” a basic of Comfort Magazine. The columnist includes skip Fannie’s words that are own as well as a target in vermont where “sisters” could address letters. In identical pages, one girl asked for souvenir post cards and letters, while another requested “seeds of the very most popular variety… or any traditional plants, such as for instance our grandmothers liked.”
The line went for numerous pages, quick paragraphs in small font sandwiched among the list of many adverts. Comfort, most likely, wasn’t simply a woman’s log; it had been a mail-order mag whoever primary purpose would be to bring customer tradition to rural America by marketing kitchen appliances, clothes, medications along with other products. The publisher that is original William Gannett, really produced Comfort in an effort to market their neurological tonic to ladies. Yet as it is obvious in columns like “Comfort Sisters’ Corner,” those quasi-catalogues included a side that is surprising: interaction between ladies that otherwise will have been impossible.
Into the years after the Civil War, rapidly advancing publishing press technology and a growing postal delivery system permitted the sheer number of magazines when you look at the U.S. to explode. Whereas just 700 publications existed in 1865 (including Harper’s Weekly, Confederate Veteran and Southern Historical Society Papers), they numbered a lot more than 3,000 by 1885, and much more than 4,400 by 1890. Those figures, as well as the blood circulation of magazines, continued to increase because the united states of america Postal provider started tinkering with Rural Free Delivery into the 1890s, bringing mail straight to the 65 per cent for the populace who lived in rural areas instead of making the mail at drop-off points. (It wasn’t until 1920 that the census discovered more folks residing in metropolitan areas—towns with over 2,500 inhabitants—than in rural areas.)
One of the very first mail-order mags to surface in the post-Civil War years had been E.C. Allen’s People’s Literary Companion, printed in Augusta, Maine and distributed across the nation beginning in 1869. Because of Allen’s pioneering work with Maine, Augusta became a hub for posting, with 17 games printed within the city, reaching a circulation that is maximum of 3 million. Not merely had been the publications written primarily for females, these were usually created by women too: for the 1,309 individuals employed in the publishing industry statewide in 1900, ladies accounted for 615, just below 50 per cent. It had been also stated that Allen himself, the “Mail Order King,” required the opinion of feminine clerks whenever he selected an image for circulation in the publications, writes Robert Lovett within the Bulletin of this continuing business Historical Society.
«Comfort Sisters’ Corner» was a basic of Comfort Magazine. (Digital latin mail order bride Library @ Villanova University)
Nevertheless the publications moving away from Augusta, with names like Thrifty Farmer, United states Woman, Golden Moments and Comfort, had been usually low priced, shoddily printed rags designed to turn women that are rural families into consumers. Publishers would send them at no cost to one-time customers, printing advertisements for his or her magazines various other mags, and supply incentives for registering brand new customers, which allowed the sheer number of visitors to grow rapidly—whether or perhaps not the publications were actually being look over. When compared with mass blood circulation women’s journals like Ladies’ Home Journal and Delineator, writers among these mail-order publications cared less about readers renewing their subscriptions than about having huge blood supply listings with which to entice advertisers. Despite the fact that Good Housekeeping and journals enjoy it certainly crammed adverts on as much pages as you possibly can, those magazines also hewed more closely to an editorial objective of providing visitors with housekeeping advice, substantive fiction and poetry, and columns on fashion.
As marketing analysts Ernest Elmo Calkins and Ralph Holden had written of Ladies’ Residence Journal and Comfort, the 2 different mags represented “extreme kinds of magazines and their particular constituencies; the only, the highest kind of a marketing medium… reaching well-educated, well-to-do, smart US ladies; one other, poorly printed… and reaching an uneducated and credulous class whose readers purchase only many cheap things, but more and more them do buy, so the area may be worth what it costs the advertisers.”
Mary Ellen Zuckerman, a teacher of advertising during the State University of the latest York, Geneseo and writer of a brief history of Popular Women’s mags in the usa, 1792-1995, acknowledges that both kinds of magazines added towards the flooding of customer items reaching markets that are rural. But, she says, “In a funny method, the mail-order publications were very nearly more truthful about their function. You knew once you first got it it was likely to be full of great deal of marketing.”
just take a book like Comfort. It had been one of the primary mags to attain a blood supply of over one million, recharging just 15 cents for a yearlong registration for month-to-month editions of this mag. As librarian Clara Carter Weber writes, “Comfort was at company to offer whatever you could think about, from sheet music, parlor organs, and peanuts, to an ‘oil portraiture’ of Admiral Dewey and a ‘Magical Sponge,’ the ‘wonder associated with the twentieth century.’” Peruse the pages of old editions of Comfort and you’ll find advertisements providing a pocket that is free for everyone happy to offer bluing dye for washing, and “Duby’s Ozark Herbs” to dye gray hairs without coloring the head, and inexpensive fur scarves and muffs, and medical cures like Dr. Coffee’s 80-page attention guide to cure all attention diseases.
But surrounding those ads had been stories that are short recurring columns, like “Talks with Girls” and “Poultry Farming for ladies.” Actually, Zuckerman claims, the magazines that are mail-order additionally types of interaction.
Comfort’s primary function would be to bring customer tradition to America that is rural by kitchen appliances, clothes, medications along with other items. (Digital Library @ Villanova University)
Out they were isolated“If you think about the lives of the women on these farms, a lot of the day in and day. Reading these magazines had been a interaction lifeline in a real method,” Zuckerman says. For us right now to realize, because we’re therefore inundated with methods for communicating.“If you can compose in and view one thing you published on the net, and discover other females currently talking about things of great interest or concern for your requirements, it offered a tremendously strong connection that’s difficult”
Just look at the telephone, conceived by Alexander Graham Bell in 1876. In the change associated with the century, just ten percent of most households also had phone solutions. for females residing on farms far from anybody however their family unit members, mail-order magazines offered a getaway from day to day life, as well as a method to produce a concrete link with other lonely ladies. In addition to “Comfort Sisters’ Corner,” another regular feature associated with the mag had been demands from “Shut-Ins”—women too ill or old to go out of their homes, whom depended from the charity of next-door next-door neighbors along with other visitors for success. “I intend to consider the shut-in whenever i could,” writes Edna Peterson of Biggsville, Illinois when you look at the 1907 edition july.
But despite having the interaction they offered women that are rural mail-order mags weren’t destined for durability. Numerous ceased publication after 1907, as soon as the Post Office needed listings of compensated members for publications requesting a lesser mailing price. Both of which lasted until 1940 among the mail-order magazines that survived the culling were Woman’s World and Comfort.
“I think they outlived their function,” Zuckerman suggests. “As roads improved and folks had better transport, these people were in a position to access bigger towns and urban centers to accomplish their shopping, so that they didn’t need to count on mail purchase. It’s ironic because now we’ve circled straight straight back with Amazon. Everyone really wants to do shopping at home and never head out.”
As transport technology changed, so too did communications. By 1948, america had 30 million connected phones, and reaching off to friends from afar ended up being growing easier, even yet in rural areas. Catalogs like Sears and Montgomery Ward became the way that is new make domestic acquisitions. But also for a brief duration, mail-order publications had played an important role for rural ladies: making them feel less alone on the farms and homesteads, and empowering them to generally share their experiences with other people.